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When is Saturday a holiday?

When is Saturday a holiday? How to calculate when to exercise an option, give notice, and other deadlines.
California Code of Civil Procedure 10 defines holidays as only Sunday and other days specified elsewhere in the Code.    This must be read in conjunction with Code of Civil Procedure 12a, which states that if the last day for performance of any act  provided by law to be performed within a specified period of time is to be done is a holiday, and then the period of time is extended to the next day that is not a holiday….for purposes of this section, “holiday” means all day on Saturdays…”

A recent California court decision clarified that, because 12a addresses acts “provided by law,”, it does not apply to acts governed by contract provisions.  A contract deadline can fall on a Saturday, but a legal deadline cannot.  A legal deadline is one established by statute or local ordinance.